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What is CBD?
CBD is short for cannabidiol, a naturally occurring compound found primarily in the flowers of plants in the Cannabis genus, the most well known being industrial hemp and marijuana. CBD is the second most abundant cannabinoid found in Cannabis plants, among a long list of 113 others.
CBD is a safe, non-addictive substance, and right now it’s the subject of many studies exploring its potential use in a variety of therapeutic applications. Anecdotal accounts and a mounting body of research indicates that this powerful cannabinoid can support the health of both body and mind.
What is CBD Hemp Oil?
CBD oil is the product of extracting cannabidiol from Cannabis plants. CBD hemp oil, specifically, results when the CBD is extracted from industrial hemp rather than from marijuana, and tends to have a much lower quantity of THC. The CBD in CBD hemp oil is usually suspended in a solution with an inert oil such as hempseed or coconut oil.
Is Hemp Oil the Same as CBD Oil?
This is a tricky question. Sometimes hemp oil is just hempseed oil, and sometimes it’s actually CBD oil. They’re often incorrectly marketed as the same thing, whether intentionally or unintentionally. If you’re looking for CBD oil, check the ingredient list to be sure of what you’re getting. Hempseed oil will be listed as cannabis sativa seed oil. CBD will usually be listed as cannabidiol, full-spectrum hemp, hemp oil, PCR (phytocannabinoid-rich), or PCR hemp extracts.
What is CBD Hemp Oil Made From?
CBD hemp oil comes from industrial hemp plants. But before it can be used, it must be extracted from industrial hemp plants in one of several ways.
Some will use a solvent such as butane to extract the cannabinoids from the whole plant. However, the process of using a solvent tends to result in a less pure final product, and butane is not good for human consumption in any quantity.
More commonly, CBD is extracted via supercritical CO2 extraction. This takes a great deal more machinery and expertise, as the carbon dioxide must be heated to 88°F and pressurized to 1071 psi to enter a supercritical state. At this point it becomes both a liquid and a gas, and has similar properties to a solvent. The supercritical CO2 then floods a chamber that contains raw industrial hemp, and the cannabinoids get sucked out of the hemp. Then the cannabinoids are separated from the remaining plant material for making into CBD hemp oil.
Does CBD Hemp Oil Have THC?
Sometimes. Theoretically, CBD hemp oil is legal in all 50 states as long as it contains less than the maximum allowed amount of THC (0.3% or less.) However, some CBD hemp oils contain 0.0% THC, and other formulas have a small amount of it while remaining under the legal limit. It’s also a question of whether the local state laws take into account all forms of THC, or just delta-9 THC. When in doubt, check the lab analysis certificate that should be provided on the CBD oil sales page.
CBD Hemp Oil Effects and Benefits
CBD hemp oil has a wide spectrum of effects and benefits because it affects the endocannabinoid system within the human body. The endocannabinoid system has a wide variety of purposes in the body. So when CBD gets introduced to it, it can affect many different complaints, such as:
- Multiple Sclerosis
- Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
- Broken Bones
- Mad Cow Disease
- Bacterial Infections
- Rheumatoid Arthritis
- Substance Abuse/Withdrawal
- Heart Disease
The longer you use CBD, you become more likely to experience stronger benefits, as long as you are not taking it excessively.
The use of CBD hemp oil does have a few minor side effects, including:
- Dry mouth
- Appetite increase/decrease
- Weight gain/loss
- Low blood pressure
- Liver damage
Does CBD Hemp Oil Help with Anxiety?
Yes, CBD oil may be able to be used as a treatment for both depression and anxiety. It has been used to safely treat insomnia and anxiety in children with post-traumatic stress disorder, and many anecdotal accounts tout its therapeutic properties specific to depression and anxiety.
Does CBD Hemp Oil Help with Pain?
Marijuana has been used to treat pain as far back as 2900 B.C., and modern studies are showing that CBD may be able to reduce chronic pain by reducing inflammation and interacting with neurotransmitters. This can be applied to nerve pain, multiple sclerosis, and arthritis.
How Does CBD Hemp Oil Make You Feel?
Generally speaking, taking CBD hemp oil makes users feel more relaxed, and they tend to report improvement in mood. However, the way that CBD works can vary from person to person. For some people it makes them feel drowsy, so they use it as a sleep aid. For other people, it can make them feel more energized because it lifts the fog of anxiety/depression.
The only way to know for sure how it will affect you is to try it for yourself!
Does CBD Hemp Oil Get You High?
CBD hemp oil is incapable of producing any kind of “high,” as that characteristic is associated with THC, not CBD. In fact, CBD is a natural antagonist to the effects of THC, so even if THC is present in small quantities in your CBD hemp oil, you’re not going to feel it. This is true from CBD oil whether it was extracted from industrial hemp or marijuana.
How to Use CBD Hemp Oil
CBD hemp oil has been used in a variety of ways:
- Dry herb vape
- CBD-infused activewear
The way that you use your CBD hemp oil greatly affects its effectiveness. Vapes and tinctures tend to be the most effective, because they can put the CBD right into your bloodstream and you will feel the effects in a very short amount of time. Vaped CBD hemp oil is absorbed via the lungs, but tinctures must be held under the tongue to be absorbed through the thin tissues present there. Simply place a dropper-full of oil under your tongue, and hold it there for 1-2 minutes before swallowing.
Although CBD pills, gummies, and edibles are popular because they tend to be more discreet, they have to be absorbed through the digestive tract. This means that it will take longer for the CBD to take effect, and the effects will likely be weaker.
CBD creams and lotions work by being absorbed topically through the skin, and only have localized benefits.
There is little to no evidence that CBD-infused activewear has any particular benefit.
How Much CBD Hemp Oil Should You Take?
As of yet, there is no clinical study that has determined the appropriate CBD dosage for individuals, or for treating different conditions. So if you’re just starting with CBD hemp oil, it’s best to start with a small amount and then work your way up until you being to feel the desired effects.
If you are considering adding CBD hemp oil to your lifestyle, talk to your doctor first. CBD is known to interact with medications and supplements that come with a "grapefruit warning." Both grapefruit and CBD are known to interfere with enzymes related to drug metabolism.
How Long Does CBD Last?
The longevity of CBD’s effects vary significantly depending on how much you took and the method you used to take it.
Generally speaking, sublingual tinctures will take about 15–30 minutes to take effect, and the effects are known to last between 2–6 hours. Vaping will result in effects almost immediately. Gummies, edibles, and pills are likely to last longer since they are slowly absorbed over time through the digestive tract.
Since CBD is fat-soluble, people who exercise regularly, have a faster metabolism, and have less body fat are likely to find that CBD wears off more quickly for them.
The duration of use is also a factor. People who use CBD moderately often may find that it remains in their body for five or six days. With repeated use over time, it can stay in their bodies for as long as a month even after they stop consuming it.
Is CBD Hemp Oil Legal in All 50 States?
According to the 2018 Farm Bill, CBD hemp oil is legal in all 50 states as long as it meets the requirement of less than 0.3% THC content.
Does CBD Hemp Oil Show Up on Drug Tests?
Most drug tests don’t test for CBD, and so it won’t show up on those tests. However, if your CBD oil contains small amounts of THC, it may be able to trigger a positive result on your drug screen, especially if you’ve been taking it for a long time.
If you have an upcoming drug test and you know that it will be testing for CBD or THC, it may be best to abstain from CBD oil for the appropriate amount of time before the test.